# 自定义协议开发

# 环境准备和开发工具

  • JDK:1.8+
  • MAVEN:3.1+

注意

maven不要使用全局仓库配置,可能导致依赖无法下载

  • 开发工具:idea

# 第一步 通过idea创建maven工程:demo-protocol

# 第二步 修改pom文件,添加依赖

    <dependencies>
    <!-->jetlinks 核心依赖<-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.jetlinks</groupId>
            <artifactId>jetlinks-core</artifactId>
            <version>1.0.2-BUILD-SNAPSHOT</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-->jetlinks 协议解析接口包<-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.jetlinks</groupId>
            <artifactId>jetlinks-supports</artifactId>
            <version>1.0.2-BUILD-SNAPSHOT</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-->lombok,需要idea安装lombok插件,否则去掉<-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <version>1.18.10</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-->vertx核心包,可以用来进行网络模拟测试<-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.vertx</groupId>
            <artifactId>vertx-core</artifactId>
            <version>3.8.3</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-->单元测试包<--> 
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.junit.jupiter</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit-jupiter</artifactId>
            <version>5.5.2</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
		<!-->logback日志<-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
            <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.3</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>
	<!-->netty组件<-->
    <dependencyManagement>
        <dependencies>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>io.netty</groupId>
                <artifactId>netty-bom</artifactId>
                <version>${netty.version}</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    </dependencyManagement>
  • 修改maven pom文件properties
 <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.build.locales>zh_CN</project.build.locales>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
        <project.build.jdk>${java.version}</project.build.jdk>
        <netty.version>4.1.45.Final</netty.version>
    </properties>
  • 添加maven编译规则
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>${project.build.jdk}</source>
                    <target>${project.build.jdk}</target>
                    <encoding>${project.build.sourceEncoding}</encoding>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
  • 添加hsweb私服和阿里云仓库
    <repositories>
        <repository>
            <id>hsweb-nexus</id>
            <name>Nexus Release Repository</name>
            <url>http://nexus.hsweb.me/content/groups/public/</url>
            <snapshots>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
                <updatePolicy>always</updatePolicy>
            </snapshots>
        </repository>
        <repository>
            <id>aliyun-nexus</id>
            <name>aliyun</name>
            <url>http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/groups/public/</url>
        </repository>
    </repositories>

# 第三步 协议开发

  • 新建packag:org.jetlinks.demo.protocol

  • 创建协议编码解码类:DemoDeviceMessageCodec

  import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
  import io.netty.buffer.ByteBufUtil;
  import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
  import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
  import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
  import org.apache.commons.codec.DecoderException;
  import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Hex;
  import org.jetlinks.core.message.DeviceMessage;
  import org.jetlinks.core.message.DeviceOnlineMessage;
  import org.jetlinks.core.message.Message;
  import org.jetlinks.core.message.codec.*;
  import org.jetlinks.core.message.function.FunctionInvokeMessage;
  import org.jetlinks.core.message.function.FunctionInvokeMessageReply;
  import org.jetlinks.core.server.session.DeviceSession;
  import org.jetlinks.wt.protocol.message.NbIotMessage;
  import org.jetlinks.wt.protocol.message.data.enums.DataIdEnum;
  import org.jetlinks.wt.protocol.message.enums.ControlEnum;
  import org.reactivestreams.Publisher;
  import reactor.core.publisher.Flux;
  import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;
  
  @AllArgsConstructor
  @Slf4j
  public class DemoDeviceMessageCodec implements DeviceMessageCodec {
      // 传输协议定义
      @Override
      public Transport getSupportTransport() {
          return DefaultTransport.TCP;
      }
      
      // 把tcp消息解码为平台消息,多用于设备上报消息到平台
      @Override
      public Mono<? extends Message> decode(MessageDecodeContext context) {
          return Mono.empty();
      }
      
      // 把平台消息编码为协议传输消息,多用于平台命令下发到设备
      @Override
      public Publisher<? extends EncodedMessage> encode(MessageEncodeContext context) {
          retrun Mono.empty();
      }
  }
  • 创建协议入口类: DemoProtocolSupportProvider
  import org.jetlinks.core.ProtocolSupport;
  import org.jetlinks.core.Value;
  import org.jetlinks.core.defaults.CompositeProtocolSupport;
  import org.jetlinks.core.device.AuthenticationResponse;
  import org.jetlinks.core.device.DeviceRegistry;
  import org.jetlinks.core.device.MqttAuthenticationRequest;
  import org.jetlinks.core.message.codec.DefaultTransport;
  import org.jetlinks.core.metadata.DefaultConfigMetadata;
  import org.jetlinks.core.metadata.types.PasswordType;
  import org.jetlinks.core.metadata.types.StringType;
  import org.jetlinks.core.spi.ProtocolSupportProvider;
  import org.jetlinks.core.spi.ServiceContext;
  import org.jetlinks.demo.protocol.tcp.DemoTcpMessageCodec;
  import org.jetlinks.supports.official.JetLinksDeviceMetadataCodec;
  import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;
  
  public class DemoProtocolSupportProvider implements ProtocolSupportProvider {
      
      @Override
      public Mono<? extends ProtocolSupport> create(ServiceContext context) {
          CompositeProtocolSupport support = new CompositeProtocolSupport();
          // 协议ID
          support.setId("demo-v1");
          // 协议名称
          support.setName("演示协议v1");
          // 协议说明
          support.setDescription("演示协议");
          // 物模型编解码,固定为JetLinksDeviceMetadataCodec
          support.setMetadataCodec(new JetLinksDeviceMetadataCodec());
          //TCP消息编解码器
          DemoDeviceMessageCodec codec = new DemoDeviceMessageCodec();
          // 两个参数,协议支持和编解码类DemoDeviceMessageCodec中保持一致,第二个参数定义使用的编码解码类
          support.addMessageCodecSupport(DefaultTransport.TCP, () -> Mono.just(codec));
          return Mono.just(support);
      }
  }

# 第四步 设备上报消息解码

@AllArgsConstructor
@Slf4j
public class DemoTcpMessageCodec implements DeviceMessageCodec {
      
     ....
      
      // 把tcp消息解码为平台消息,多用于设备上报消息到平台
      @Override
      public Publisher<? extends Message> decode(MessageDecodeContext context) {
  		return Flux.defer(() -> {
              // 消息上下文
              FromDeviceMessageContext ctx = ((FromDeviceMessageContext) context);
              // 从上下文中获取消息字节数组
              ByteBuf byteBuf = context.getMessage().getPayload();
              byte[] payload = ByteBufUtil.getBytes(byteBuf, 0, byteBuf.readableBytes(), false);
              // 把字节流转换为字符串,根据不同设备不同协议进行解析,
              String text=new String(payload);
              ReportPropertyMessage message = new ReportPropertyMessage();
              // 设置消息ID为我们获得的消息内容
              message.setDeviceId(text);
              // 以当前时间戳为消息时间
              long time= LocalDateTime.now().toInstant(ZoneOffset.of("+8")).toEpochMilli();
              message.setTimestamp(time);
              // 构造上报属性
              Map<String, Object> properties = new HashMap<>();
              properties.put("text",text);
              // 设置上报属性
              message.setProperties(properties);
  
              // 获取设备会话信息
              DeviceSession session = ctx.getSession();
              // 如果session中没有设备信息,则为设备首次上线
              if (session.getOperator() == null) {
                  DeviceOnlineMessage onlineMessage = new DeviceOnlineMessage();
                  onlineMessage.setDeviceId(text);
                  onlineMessage.setTimestamp(System.currentTimeMillis());
                  // 返回到平台上线消息
                  return Flux.just(message,onlineMessage);
              }
              // 返回到平台属性上报消息
              return Mono.just(message);
          });
      }
.....
    
}

# 第五步 平台发送消息到设备(消息编码)

@AllArgsConstructor
@Slf4j
public class DemoTcpMessageCodec implements DeviceMessageCodec {
    ..........
    // 把平台消息编码为协议传输消息,多用于平台命令下发到设备
    @Override
    public Publisher<? extends EncodedMessage> encode(MessageEncodeContext context) {
         // 从平台消息上下文中获取消息内容
        CommonDeviceMessage message = (CommonDeviceMessage) context.getMessage();
        EncodedMessage encodedMessage = EncodedMessage.simple(Unpooled.wrappedBuffer(message.toString().getBytes()));
        // 根据消息类型的不同,构造不同的消息
        if (message instanceof ReadPropertyMessage) {
            ReadPropertyMessage readPropertyMessage = (ReadPropertyMessage) message;
            // 获取需要传输的字节
            byte[] bytes = readPropertyMessage.toString().getBytes();
            // 构造为平台传输到设备的消息体
            encodedMessage = EncodedMessage.simple(Unpooled.wrappedBuffer(bytes));
        }
        return Mono.just(encodedMessage);
    }
}

# 第六步 打成jar包上传到平台,并进行调试

TCP服务网关接入设备为例。

进行协议上传和 配置,并使用TCP工具进行调试。